Auckland HEMS

Where do you insert the needle for pneumothorax decompression?

Easy!

“2nd intercostal space (ICS), mid-clavicular line (MCL)” – this has been drilled into all of us since we began training and caring for critically ill patients. Ever since we began as pre-hospital care providers or took our first  Advanced Trauma Life Support have we used the 2nd ICS, MCL and assumed it to be optimal.

Well recently some studies have started looking at whether we should consider an alternative location. There is some evidence to suggest that the traditional anterior approach may reduce kinking and in the combat environment, it might be preferred (Beckett A et al. J Trauma 2011). However, if it will never enter into the pleural space then kinking becomes irrelevant.  While the utility of needle decompression vs. simple finger thoracostomy followed by chest tube insertion can be debated, in the pre-hospital setting, needle decompression remains within…

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