Paper tigers – not quite ready to be tamed? by: Ken Locke

Fascinating reflection on the utility (or lackthereof) of moving away from paper-based learning in medical education. This post summarizes a session at CCME 2013 (Canadian Conference for Medical Education). While I didn’t attend it, I read this post and thought it provided a thoughtful summary.

mededconference

Saturday April 20, 2013

Blogger: Ken Locke, Director, Transition to Residency Program and UME Faculty Lead for Portfolios
Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto

The ‘Faculty Perspective’ Post

I spent Saturday afternoon at a very engaging session at CCME 2013 entitled “Taming the Paper Tiger: Transitioning to a Mobile Curriculum”. This was a very well attended and fast-paced session focused on how medical schools may (or may not) be moving their learning materials out of the traditionally distributed bundles of printed pages, and into digital formats that students access from mobile devices, amongst other means.

Chaired by David Lampron from UBC, this was a symposium put on by 3 faculty members and one medical student, from 4 different institutions, each of which had a different perspective on this issue. The collected tweets from this presentation can be found under the hashtag #papertiger, or at Storify

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Information overload…staying up to date with new medical journal publications

As physicians, some of us love to read the latest journal publication while some of us don’t give a s@#!. Those in the latter category are more than happy to get the information at conferences or journal clubs in due time. There’s nothing wrong with these people…in fact, it could be argued this is a healthier approach than being addicted to your wireless device or computer waiting for the newest publication!

But for those of us who do get turned on by reading then talking about the newest publication the day it comes out “Epub ahead of print”, it can be a daunting task to stay up to date.

In our world where we’re exposed to up to the minute Twitter feeds, blog posts or push notifications, we can easily become overloaded and inundated with how to manage this information. The challenge is particularly difficult with journal publications. I admit, that I really enjoy reading the latest research data and while that doesn’t make me a bad person…it arguably makes me a less attentive husband (one woman’s opinion).

Are there any strategies for improving information intake and staying up to date with recent research? I don’t think this area is well taught in medical school or residency, partly due to the fact it’s a brand new method of information acquistion. Also, it’s rapidly changing with new sites and apps coming all the time.

I follow a few different journal topics including emergency medicine related, critical care, general medicine and medical education. Overall, this probably results in about 15-20 journals per month. I don’t read every article, nor do I read every abstract but I routinely read through table of contents or titles to make sure I’m staying up to date.

I’ve been thinking about this recently and while this post isn’t intended to be comprehensive, it does offer a few strategies that I’ve used to ensure I’m reading the newest evidence (any mention of a product/app below is only because I’ve found them helpful…I take no money from anyone). The following are in no particular order of preference. And if there’s an app or strategy I’m missing, please comment and I’ll add it to the post!

Here we go.

QxMD “Read”: I just started using this app and I really like it and I highly recommend it for any physician trying to keep up with the medical literature. And it’s FREE!  Anyways, it’s a Canadian company that “provides a single place to discover new research, read outstanding topic reviews and search PubMed“. It allows you to sign up through your library Proxy account and access PDFs for any medical journal that your library has available. If your university isn’t supported, email them, I believe they are really working hard to add new institutions. The key component for this app is the user can select which journals they want to receive regular updates from and easily access. Here’s a great review of the product.  For those using Android/non-Mac products I don’t think its available for any other platform than Apple (I only use Mac so I can’t confirm this).

Settings page for "Read"

Settings page for “Read”

Main interface used when reading articles

Main interface used when reading articles

Feedly: I also highly recommend this! and it syncs with GoogleReader which inexplicably is getting shut down. This program provides regular updates to any journal you wish to add to your list. The benefit to this approach is that it syncs well across platforms (both mobile and desktop) and it also houses all of your non-medical blogs and news sites. The difference between Feedly and QxMD is the latter offers a much easier route to read the PDF. Feedly simply provides you with the abstract then its up to you to figure out your own access method.

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Subscribe to a journal’s table of contents (TOC): Most journals allow you to provide your email so that every time a new volume is published, the TOC arrives in your inbox. This is how I started following journals though depending on the number of emails you receive (and the number of journals you follow), this process can easily overwhelm.

Example of "The Lancet" Table of Contents email

Example of “The Lancet” Table of Contents email

Subscribe to programs such as Journal Watch or InfoPOEMs (from Cdn Med Assoc): Essentially these organizations review the literature (typically 1-2 months behind) and send brief summaries of selected articles. This isn’t comprehensive and they’re not always free (e.g. Journal Watch) but it does help you find out about papers that maybe you wouldn’t have read. I use these methods then I download the article myself using my University library account. But it is a bit more labor intensive than Feedly or QxMD.

Follow an up to date medical blog. For those in emergency medicine/critical care, lifeinthefastlane.com is a must. The authors of this blog provide high quality, regular, up to date information about new publications that will interest EM physicians. Sign up to their LITFL review and they outline some of the newest journal articles out there. In addition, they link you up with all the most recent blog posts from around the EM world.

For those interested in medical education – I highly recommend a new blog “Medical Educator 2.0” that compiles medical education (and general education) related topics from sources around the world. Ali Jalali is a medical educator at the University of Ottawa (and happened to be a professor of mine in med school) and he puts together a very high quality site. If you subscribe then you’ll get regular emails when a new version/updates are posted.

Download each journal’s app: Great if you only read 1-2 journals but not sure how useful this is if you’re looking for regular updates from a broad range of journals. Here’s a list of journal apps for download.

Twitter: Either sign up and follow a journal’s twitter account (e.g. @EmergencyMedBMJ) or follow individuals that often retweet or post comments about new articles. This approach really maximizes the power of crowds and can make reviewing new articles much easier. On Twitter, you can also follow hasthtags like #meded and #FOAMed.

So those are a few strategies that I use. I welcome feedback and suggestions that I’ve missed. I’m happy to update this post with any ideas that you feel should be included.

A HEMS experience from a resident perspective (and a few pictures from my last flight)

This post is being written while on a plane back to Toronto…I’m just settling into some serious jetlag so I figured no better time than put down a few thoughts on my experience in Auckland. For the past 6 months I’ve worked in NZ with the Auckland Rescue Helicopter Trust as the HEMS education fellow and flight physician. Coming from Canada where putting physicians on-board helicopters to work in a pre-hospital environment is about as foreign as …. I came to Auckland with little knowledge about what to expect.

Posing for the photo op. Realized a modeling career isn't in my future.

Posing for the photo op. Realized a modeling career isn’t in my future.

To say the least, the entire experience was amazing and unforgettable! And much of this must be attributed to amazing group who work at ARHT. My supervisor and HEMS medical director, Chris Denny, got me organized and met with me weekly. We set out a plan, established learning outcomes and gradually implemented an advanced simulation plan at ARHT. Amazingly the ARHT facilitated this with the purchase of several brand new simulation manikins which only enhanced the learning possibilities. I worked alongside several talented physicians (Sam Bendall and Scott Orman) who mentored me in advanced simulation techniques, e-learning, integration of social media and blogging into education.

My time at ARHT was divided between educational endeavours and work as the HEMS duty doctor. Both allowed me to work and learn with the entire ARHT team who taught me more than they can imagine! While I can’t possibly thank everyone in this format, I developed great relationships with Barry Watkin (chief paramedic) and Herby Barnes (head crewman) who both worked to help me implement some of our educational objectives!

A view of Auckland at sunset

A view of Auckland at sunset

As the HEMS education fellow, I ran weekly simulations (often based on jobs we had recently done or questions that had come up), case-based learning sessions and finally task training sessions. We described our learning online both through the aucklandhems.com blog and via Twitter. We flew across the Tasman to practice our pre-hospital ultrasound skills at SMACC2013 (an impressive 2nd place…despite our less than optimal subject matter we had to teach)! (link). We implemented new standard operating procedures based on (and tested in) simulation. There was collaboration with teaching and simulation with the Auckland City ED as I worked there part-time as well.

On the west coast outside Auckland

On the west coast outside Auckland

Finally, I had the opportunity to practice pre-hospital & retrieval medicine. This opportunity to learn from some amazing doctors, paramedics, crewmen and pilots in a setting that previously was entirely unfamiliar, was awesome! I gained an entirely new appreciation for ergonomics as practicing medicine in the back of a helicopter is entirely different than even the craziest of emergency departments! I had opportunities to do winch rescues (both practice and operational), jumping from helicopters, rock swims with surf rescue, run resuscitations in remote areas and the list goes on.

What stood out however, was the theme of safety. In medicine, safety is sadly a relatively new topic…but for many of our pilots and crewmen, safety has been a part of their work since they started. In fact, those in aviation who don’t embrace safety…tend not to have very long work careers (for obvious & unfortunate reasons). Working in a helicopter is among the highest risk occupations around so it’s not surprising the ARHT team take safety so seriously. I spoke with the crewmen and pilots as much as a could to better appreciate their perspective…so that perhaps in medicine I can borrow and learn from their obsession. I suspect (as others have as well) that medicine lags in safety management because bad outcomes don’t harm clinicians directly…in a helicopter however, lack of concern for safety does affect everyone onboard. Thus the entire team has a vested interest in promoting and ensuring safe procedures. We run safety briefings, we have an online safety management system in place and just like the rest of aviation we incorporated checklists for both routine & high-risk procedures. As HEMS doctors, we tried to emulate the pilots/crewmen so we also use a checklist for our high-risk procedures like rapid sequence intubation…this is just starting to catch on in the ED but in my opinion there’s much room for improvement! I once asked one of our pilots about checklists and why they use them… I told him that in medicine, people fear checklists because they think it will take away their ability to think…he laughed and replied:

“we have checklists not so that we stop thinking…but so we can start thinking during a crisis and not worry about forgetting small details”.

And that brings me to the end of my last blog post at ARHT. A huge thanks to the entire team at HEMS & ARHT for inviting me to Auckland, helping me learn and trying new things! I will continue blogging but likely with a shift towards simulation and education. I’ll still be collaborating with the HEMS team at ARHT and hopefully posting some stuff on aucklandhems.com. So that’s it for now…back to my inflight movie, Argo.

ARHT Surgical Airway Skills Session

Most recent Auckland Rescue helicopter training session on surgical airway.

Auckland HEMS

One of the challenges of resuscitation and pre-hospital medicine is that there are multiple high-risk but rarely performed procedures that clinicians must be ready to perform. The difficulty is that we may go our entire careers and only perform them once or even more likely never. However, the difference from success and failure for these procedures can mean life or limb. Consequently we must remain competent despite the challenges with practice.  There is an excellent article that articulates these issues by Cliff Reid & M Clancy which I highly recommend reading (for anyone interested in the topic).

(a primer video I integrated into a recent cric teaching session to get our participants into the mood!)

These life-saving, rarely performed procedures happen to be an interest of mine. It’s a fascinating exercise in education and cognition to maintain competence in performing these procedures yet have virtually no real-life patient practice. The…

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Navigating the world of social media in clinical medicine

It’s great to see articles now about the impact and effects of social media in medicine especially in other specialities. This article titled “Social Media and Clinical Care” was just published in Circulation and deserves at least a brief review by any clinician who uses social media either to augment clinical care. It’s also encouraging to see this appear in the journal Circulation which has as a relatively high impact factor (around 14). Clearly the academic medical community and more importantly the general medical community is taking note of the importance of social media.

Whether you like it or hate it, I would argue we shouldn’t fight social media. It’s unlikely to disappear especially now with more than 1 billion smartphones on the planet.  Instead as clinicians we should use it in a way that helps us communicate with each other, with patients and ultimately improves care. That being said, social media does NOT equal good or better! (it can be ). We always strive to “do no harm” and social media in medicine should be no exception.

To borrow the Spiderman quote “with great power comes great responsibility“. The same applies to social media…in fact maybe I should try and coin my own modification “with great social media power comes great social media responsibility”! But as we increasginly engage in social media we must recognize it’s power…which is why we should continue to use it but also understand how it can be quite dangerous.

What this article does it outline the various ways that it can be used within clinical medicine. It also highlights the ethical challenges we face and provide some perspective using an ethical framework.  The great thing is that in the spirit of FOAM (free open access medicine) this article is free! Congratulations for Circulation for making this accessible to all.

Who should read this article?

  • Any clinician who has patients participating in social media as a source for medical advice
  • Any clinician who uses social media as a form of communication/education with other clinicians
  • Any clinician who engages with their patients through social media as a form of education
  • Any clinician looking for some good references of studies that evaluate the impact of social media within medicine/patients

Does this sound like all clinicians should read it? I would say unless you still think rotating tourniquets is the optimal method to treat heart failure, yes…you probably should at least give it a glance.

What I found interesting was the discussion about whether it’s appropriate to use specific patient cases on a blog. I haven’t taken up this practice, but I really do value reading other medical blogs when authors recount specific instances. It’s helpful to read these accounts – almost as if you’re speaking with a colleague about an interesting/challenging case…but now your colleague can be anyone in the world. Powerful stuff! But at the same time, I respect the issues of confidentiality that surround such discussions. What was interesting was the article quoted data that found

“medical educators…felt that writing a deidentified patient narrative using a respectful tone was never or rarely acceptable (61%)”

That is really quite high…61%! And impressively it was a “deidentified” patient described  using a “respectful tone”. I’m curious to know what others think but I personally don’t have a problem with it. I think it’s obviously better to have patient consent but what if the case was 2 years prior? Does that change anything? Pragmatically it would be hard to find that patient…and perhaps considerable learning can be achieved from the case. This is definitely a challenge for educators/clinicians in balancing the risks & benefits. More importantly, it doesn’t seem like our colleagues may support such actions!

The authors of this article outline some recommendations for physicians who have blogs/websites as well as those who engage in online social networks. None of these are revolutionary but they provide us with good reminders of how we can continue to uphold our commitment to improving patient care in an ethical manner.

Source: Chretien & Kind Circulation 2013

Source: Chretien & Kind Circulation 2013

 

Source: Chretien & Kind Circulation 2013

Source: Chretien & Kind Circulation 2013